密歇根州的改道/延期计划: 

What is a 导流 or a 延期 program? 

密歇根州立法机关认识到人们会犯错误。因此,根据某些法规,密歇根州规定“deferral” or “diversion”允许罪犯离开的程序“clean” slate. The term 清洁 slate refers to there being no public record of the offense. Every court handles 导流s 和 延期s differently (to a varying degree). Generally, all 导流s 和 延期s include a probationary term for the defendant, classes that the defendant would have to complete, fines/costs, 和 community service (some courts could require more). Essentially: 导流s 和 延期 programs offer a “bite of the apple”允许个人逃离法院审理程序,以最大程度地减少个人从永久性公共犯罪记录中获得的风险。

转移程序

转移程序是被告/罪犯将刑事定罪从其公开记录中移除的一种方法(通常无需认罪或受审)。转移程序通常用于低级别的攻击,例如 轻罪非暴力 重罪。每个法院都有 拥有 criteria for 导流s. There will be limits as to the types of offenses that are permitted 和 there may be residency requirements. The programs are usually reserved for first-time offenders.

The way it usually works is that the prosecutor will dismiss your case upon the contingency that you will successfully complete the 导流 program. The length of the 导流 program 和 the requirements attached to it are determined by the severity of the offense, 和 which court you are in.

延期程序: 

1.家庭暴力案件,MCL 769.4a
2.管制物质案件 MCL 333.7411“ 7411”
3.延迟判刑 MCL 771.1
4.福尔摩斯青年实习生法案(HYTA) MCL 762.11
5.轻微拥有酒精 MCL 436.1703(3)

1.国内暴力案件

MCL 769.4a授权法院在未作出有罪判决的情况下,并经被告人和检察官同意与受害人协商后,才可在未曾被定罪的个人的殴打和殴打案件中推迟进一步诉讼根据MCL 750.81和81A,对攻击性犯罪的指控认罪或被认定犯有殴打和殴打罪。攻击的受害者必须是罪犯的配偶或前配偶,与罪犯有共同子女的个人,与罪犯有过恋爱关系或曾经有过恋爱关系的人或与该罪犯同居的人罪犯。仅当被告没有事先袭击定罪时,才能使用此延期。对于执法部门,尽管未作出有罪判决,但使用延期雕像的逮捕和处分将出现在被告的犯罪记录中。

2.可控物质案件

Another 延期 statue that may be available to a defendant is MCL 333.7411, “7411.” This law allows an individual who has been charge dwith a nonmajor drug offense to walk away without a drug conviction after successful completion of the court’s sentence. Nonmajor drug offenses are usually simple possession of 管制物质 offenses for marijuana, cocaine, herion, or ecstasy. Major offenses not “7411” eligible are offenses that involve delivery or manufacture of drugs, including possession with intent to deliver 和 maintaining a drug house.

3.延迟感应

This is not technically a 延期, although MCL 771.1 authorizes a court, without entering a judgment of guilt, to delay sentencing for no more than one year in all prosecutions for 重罪, 轻罪, or ordinance violations other than murder, treason, criminal sexual conduct in the first or third degree, armed robbery, or major 管制物质s offenses. This 延期 does not require the prior consent of the accused, the prosecutor, or the victim.

4.霍姆斯青年实习生法(HYTA)

水田, MCL 762.11, is another 延期 law that has specific age restrcitions. To receive 水田 consideration, a defendant must have committed the crime charged between the ages of 17 和 21. 水田 is not allowed for a number of offenses, including all offenses for which the penalty is life, all traffic offenses, 和 most criminal sexual conduct offenses. MCL 762.11 (2),(3). As with the other 延期 statues, 水田 will allow for a non-public record of the offense. Additionally, you must satisfy all the sentence requirements of the court.

5.酒类的次要

“MIP” MCL 436.1703(3) Authorizes a court, after fulfillment of the terms 和 conditions of probation, to discharge the defendant 和 dismiss the proceedings. To qualify for this 延期 the defendant must not have been previously been convicted of or received a juvenile adjudication for being a minor who purchased or attempted to purchase alcoholic liquor, consumed or attempted to consume alcoholic liquor , possessed or attempted to possess alcoholic liquor, or had any bodily alcoholic content.

 

 

 

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